Vision-correction includes several surgical procedures that are designed to eliminate or reduce your need for glasses or contact lenses. If your eye does not correctly focus light, it has a refractive error. By changing the focus of the eye, vision-correction surgeries correct refractive errors and improve your vision. For this reason, they are also called “refractive surgeries.”
These two types of vision-correction surgeries use lasers:
- Laser-Assisted in situ Keratomileusis (LASIK)
- Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK)
Some patients are not good candidates for laser eye surgery. But there are alternatives. One uses an artificial lens called a phakic intraocular lens. It is placed inside the eye to more accurately focus light onto the retina. Refractive lensectomy, a similar option, involves removing the crystalline lens and replacing it with a lens implant.
During your vision-correction consultation, you will meet with your ophthalmologist. He or she will conduct a thorough eye exam. You’ll also have an opportunity to discuss your treatment options. After discussing your goals, lifestyle and hobbies, your eye care team will help you determine the best procedure for your eyes.
"I never knew how much of a difference LASIK surgery would make. I can see better than I can ever remember. I didn’t realize how much I was missing while I was wearing my glasses and contacts. Going to sports games, camping, and just spending time with my family has improved." —Sean
I was blind without my glasses prior to LASIK. I remember having to shower with them on. … and it was a such a nuisance dealing with sweat getting into my contact lenses or having my glasses fog up. I hated constantly having to clean the smudges on my glasses.